Diesel Fuel Injection

Diagnostics

The modern diesel engine is very sophisticated and often difficult to diagnose even with the assistance of advanced diagnostic equipment. Most vehicles generate computerized fault diagnostics which don’t always isolate the exact cause or source of the fault or failure.

Below is a guide that may help point you in the right direction.

DIESEL ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

Possible Cause Hard or Non start Lack of Power Rough at Idle Diesel Knock Black Smoke White Smoke Blue smoke
Low compression x x
Low Fuel Pressure x x x x
Insufficient fuel Delivery x x x x
Fuel restriction / blockage x x
Contaminated Diesel x x x x
Air In fuel system x x x x x
Diesel Injectors x x x x x x
High Pressure Pump x x x x x
Faulty Turbo x x x x x
Air intake restriction x x x
Cam – crank sensor x x x x
Injector wiring harness x x x x
Internal engine x x x x

Black smoke is generally due to an imbalance in the air to fuel ratio. Either too much fuel is being delivered into the engine or there is not enough clean air.

Common causes are:

  • Faulty pump or injectors
  • Dirty Air Cleaner
  • Turbo or Intercooler faulty
  • Cylinder head

White smoke is often caused by the fuel being injected into the cylinder not buring correctly.

Common causes are:

  • Engine/pump timing not set correctly
  • Fuel starvation to the pump effecting the timing
  • Low engine compression
  • Water or petrol in the diesel system

Blue smoke is the result of engine oil burning

Common causes are:

  • Diesel in oil
  • Worn cylinders / liners
  • Over filling of engine oil
  • Cylinder head valves or seals

It is always advisable to seek the advise of a qualified technician as soon as possible.

Breakdowns and consequential costs and damages can most often be prevented.